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What Is A Power of Attorney?

Understanding how future events may unfold is often difficult; however, with powers of attorney, you can be prepared for any circumstance. These legal documents enable a person you select to make critical decisions about your health and finances if you’re ever incapacitated.

Appointing a power of attorney means your chosen proxy will have the capability to attend to your healthcare issues and oversee your business and financial operations.

When Should I Contact a Powers of Attorney Lawyer?

Creating powers of attorney should be done early. Our Upper Arlington lawyer is at your service to help you start the process—reach out today.

General and Healthcare Powers of Attorney

Types of Powers of Attorney

It’s not uncommon to see both general and healthcare powers of attorney integrated into an Upper Arlington resident’s estate plans. These instruments are designated as durable under the jurisdiction of Ohio law, ensuring their continuity past the point of mental incapacity.

General Powers of Attorney

The Upper Arlington attorney with a focus on powers of attorney is vital to the creation of these agreements, ensuring they comply with current Ohio law and are customized to the client’s needs.

The general power of attorney, which is also recognized as a financial power of attorney, imparts legal powers to a person appointed as an attorney-in-fact or agent. This agent’s domain of authority, as characterized in the power of attorney, extensively covers financial and business dealings.

The attorney-in-fact is tasked with overseeing banking activities, liaising with financial entities, managing real estate affairs, and overseeing nearly every facet of the principal’s financial life.

Healthcare Power of Attorney

A healthcare power of attorney, also referred to as a medical POA, is a distinct legal instrument that authorizes the attorney-in-fact to make healthcare-related decisions for the principal.


This encompasses choices about medical care, end-of-life treatment, and healthcare-related expenses. The agent’s authority in healthcare matters is activated only when the principal is considered mentally incapacitated and unable to make informed healthcare decisions.


Additionally, a power of attorney can contain clauses for an alternate agent to take over if the first agent cannot or will not serve. The document can be customized with specific directives and restrictions on the agent’s extensive authority, ensuring the principal’s interests are protected.

Limited Power of Attorney

A healthcare power of attorney, also recognized as a medical POA, is a separate legal provision that allows the attorney-in-fact to make health-related decisions on the principal’s behalf.

This responsibility includes the areas of medical care, end-of-life care decisions, and the expenses related to medical treatment. However, the agent’s power to make these health decisions is triggered solely when the principal is legally regarded as mentally incapacitated and incapable of making sound health decisions.

In addition, a power of attorney can contain stipulations for a backup agent, who may assume responsibility if the original agent is incapacitated or reluctant to act. Special instructions and constraints can be tailored into the document to limit the agent’s comprehensive powers, ensuring the principal’s well-being is prioritized.

Reasons to Include Powers of Attorney in Your Estate Plan

Powers of attorney are vital components of your estate plan. With powers of attorney, you will:
  • Avoid guardianship
  • Designate a trusted person to manage your affairs
  • Ensure the fulfillment of your financial and medical needs
  • Have a plan in place for your loved ones

Is Your Current Power of Attorney Powerful Enough? Is it even Valid?

Powers of Attorney come in different forms. In Upper Arlington, Ohio, the official or government-suggested power of attorney document tends to limit the agent’s powers. If your agent is required for only specific actions or if your trust in the person named is not wholehearted, this might be a fitting choice.

But, if you wish for your agent to act with the full range of capabilities that you possess, then the statutory power of attorney won’t cover all bases. Most will find it necessary to seek guidance on what powers to embed in the document to ensure it serves their needs and the needs of their family in the event of incapacity.

Since the Ohio Uniform Power of Attorney Act was implemented in March 2012, a power of attorney from before that time may not be legally sound. At the least, it may not apply to your current needs after such a long time has passed.

As such, having an Upper Arlington, Ohio, attorney examine your power of attorney to ensure it meets legal requirements and your future preferences is a prudent step. Should there be inadequacies, your attorney can create an updated document.

Choosing an Agent for Your Power of Attorney

When choosing an agent for your power of attorney, certain key attributes must be considered. You should choose an individual who is unlikely to take advantage of the role, who understands their responsibilities, and who can make important decisions working together with related parties.

This person should ideally be someone close at hand who has the capability to pay attention to detail, cope with stress effectively, and ensure follow-through on actions. You might want to consider designating a secondary or tertiary agent in case your primary nominee is unable to serve. Discuss your options with your lawyer who deals with powers of attorney.

Powers of Attorney and Your Estate Plan

Ohio’s regulations forbid your agent from making decisions that could impair your confirmed estate plan. The fundamental purpose of an estate plan is to cut through confusion, avert miscommunications, or dodge any unforeseen dilemmas that could raise queries regarding your property and your intentions.


Ensure that everyone is on the same page by having your Upper Arlington powers of attorney lawyer create your estate plan. Then, the attorney can review it with your agent if you wish. Contact us today and schedule a consultation to take the first steps.

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Frequently Asked Questions

A Power of Attorney (POA), as defined under Ohio law, is a legal document that confers legal authority to an appointed individual, known as the agent or attorney-in-fact. This authority empowers the agent to act on behalf of the person executing the POA, commonly referred to as the principal. In the context of estate planning, a POA serves as a crucial tool that allows for the designation of a trusted individual to oversee vital matters. These matters can extend across a broad spectrum, encompassing financial and business matters, healthcare decisions, and even interactions with financial institutions. The agent’s authority, as laid out in the POA document, can range from managing bank accounts and transferring real estate to making critical healthcare decisions, such as end-of-life care and medical treatment. The scope of this authority is typically defined by the principal’s needs and the current Ohio law. An essential aspect of a POA under Ohio law is its potential durability. A durable POA, whether it be a durable financial POA or a healthcare POA, maintains its validity even if the principal becomes mentally incapacitated. This durability ensures that the agent can continue to make financial decisions or healthcare decisions on behalf of the principal without the need for court intervention. However, creating a POA requires the principal to be a mentally competent adult capable of understanding the implications of their actions. It’s important to note that under Ohio law, the POA automatically ends if the principal passes away or if a court invalidates it. In the hands of a knowledgeable Upper Arlington power of attorney lawyer, a POA can be drafted with specific instructions and stipulations tailored to the principal’s best interests. The attorney can ensure the POA complies with the legal requirements set forth in the Ohio revised code and can provide vital legal information to the principal.

A General Power of Attorney grants broad powers to the agent, allowing them to handle various financial and legal matters on behalf of the principal. This includes managing bank accounts, real estate transactions, and legal proceedings. Unlike limited POAs, general POAs are comprehensive and do not have specific restrictions.

While a General Power of Attorney focuses on financial and legal matters, a Healthcare Power of Attorney is specific to healthcare decisions. It grants the agent the authority to make medical decisions on behalf of the principal if they are unable to do so. This ensures that the principal’s medical preferences are honored, even if they cannot communicate them.
A Limited Power of Attorney restricts the agent’s authority to specific tasks or transactions. This could include managing a particular property, handling a business matter, selling a car, or any other limited scope defined in the document. Limited POAs are useful when the principal only wants to delegate authority for a specific purpose.

Having a Power of Attorney in place provides peace of mind and ensures that someone trusted by the principal can manage their affairs if they become incapacitated. This can help avoid the need for court-appointed guardianship, streamline decision-making, and protect the individual’s interests according to their wishes.

Consulting with an attorney, especially one specifically focused on elder law and estate planning like Jarvis Law Office, ensures that the POA is drafted correctly and complies with Upper Arlington, Ohio’s legal requirements. An attorney can help customize the document based on the individual’s unique circumstances, minimizing the risk of misunderstandings or legal challenges.
Yes, a well-crafted Power of Attorney can be a valuable tool in Medicaid planning and asset protection. It allows the agent to manage financial matters, making it possible to engage in strategic planning to qualify for Medicaid benefits while protecting assets. The knowledgeable Power of Attorney lawyers at Jarvis Law can assist in creating a comprehensive plan tailored to the client’s needs.

Please note that the information provided here is general in nature and should not be considered legal advice. It is recommended to consult with an attorney from Jarvis Law Office to obtain personalized advice based on your specific circumstances.

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